AI in PR and Communication: Potential, Challenges, and Effective Strategies

In today’s rapidly evolving digital landscape, artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionising various industries and the field of PR and communication is no exception. As PR and Comms teams strive to meet complex service requirements, navigate dispersed teams across geographies, and establish unified methods of monitoring and measuring PR efforts, AI can become their greatest aid. It has tremendous potential to streamline processes, enhance decision-making, and achieve greater effectiveness.

This article aims to explore the impact of AI on PR, highlighting its potential benefits, risks, and providing best practices for harnessing its power effectively.

Content generation

Text generation tools assist in content creation by predicting the next word or phrase based on a given prompt. These tools are valuable for generating ideas and producing initial drafts of text-based content. However, it is important to acknowledge that they are prone to errors and can produce imaginative or incorrect results. As a result, fact-checking will play a crucial role in ensuring accuracy and reliability in the generated content.

Streamlined Media Monitoring and
Crisis Management

Media monitoring is a crucial task for public relations and corporate communications. With the vast amount of data generated daily, including user-generated content on social media, it is impractical for individuals to manually keep up with it all. By employing generative AI in media monitoring services we can analyse data in quantities that would be impossible to achieve by a human.

AI-powered media monitoring tools have the potential to automate repetitive tasks involved in media monitoring and crisis management, such as tracking and analysing media coverage across channels and languages, identifying patterns, and generating actionable insights.

This allows PR teams to apply their domain knowledge and experience to interpret and contextualise the findings and focus their attention on strategic initiatives and effectively respond to emerging trends and potential crises instead of spending time manually looking for clippings. Consequently, PR teams are able to provide true insights based on data to inform the business.

Enhanced Data Analytics and Insights

AI empowers PR and Comms teams to unlock valuable insights from vast amounts of data. By leveraging AI-powered analytics tools, professionals can understand their target audience, monitor brand sentiment, track media coverage, and measure campaign effectiveness with greater accuracy and speed.

Advanced sentiment analysis algorithms can identify nuances in public opinion, helping teams estimate the success of their messaging and adapt strategies accordingly. However, it is important to establish a clear boundary around what AI can and can’t do. 

While AI excels at data analysis and automation, it cannot replace human judgment, creativity, and the ability to navigate complex social and cultural contexts. AI-powered tools can assist in sentiment analysis and understanding public opinion, but they may not capture the full nuances and subtleties that human experts can discern.

By recognising these limitations and emphasizing the role of human expertise, we can ensure that AI serves as a valuable tool rather than a complete substitute.

Automated Reporting and Measurement

AI automates repetitive tasks, such as generating reports and measuring PR outcomes, allowing teams to focus on strategic initiatives. By leveraging AI-powered tools, PR professionals can effortlessly extract key performance indicators, visualize data, and generate comprehensive reports. 

These automated processes save time, enhance accuracy, and provide actionable insights for future campaigns and decision-making. We would still need human input to provide tailored reporting based on individual preferences and requirements, ensuring that the information presented is relevant and valuable to PR professionals.

Improved Audience Targeting and Personalisation

With AI-driven audience targeting, PR professionals can refine their communication strategies and tailor messages to specific demographics, interests, and behaviours. By harnessing machine learning algorithms, teams can analyse audience preferences and engagement patterns to craft more relevant and personalised campaigns. This level of personalisation can foster deeper connections with target customers, resulting in increased brand affinity and loyalty.

Ethical Considerations and Risks

While AI offers significant advantages, it’s essential to consider the ethical implications and potential risks. PR and Comms teams must ensure the responsible and transparent use of AI technologies. Key concerns include: 

1)  Data privacy

AI relies heavily on data to train the model, often requiring large amounts of personal and sensitive information. The collection, storage, and processing of this data raise concerns about privacy breaches and unauthorised access. It is crucial to implement robust security measures and adhere to data protection regulations to safeguard user information. 

2)  Copyright

Generative AI tools utilise vast amounts of data, including images, text, and question snippets, to train their models. The outputs generated by these AI systems are essentially a compilation of copyright-protected human-created work, often sourced from the internet.

Therefore, employing generative AI platforms carries legal risks, particularly regarding intellectual property infringement. There are ongoing legal debates regarding the application of copyright, patent, and trademark laws to AI-generated creations.

Furthermore, determining the ownership of the content produced by generative AI platforms, whether it belongs to the user or the platform itself, remains an unresolved legal question.

3)  Bias in algorithms

AI algorithms can inherit biases from the data they are trained on, reflecting societal prejudices and stereotypes. This bias can lead to unfair or discriminatory outcomes, such as depicting CEOs or scientists as purely male. Ensuring fairness and equity in AI systems requires careful consideration of data selection, algorithm design, and ongoing monitoring.

4)  Potential job displacement

According to a study published in 2018 by Jean Valin and the CIPR AI Panel, there is a concern that AI will eliminate jobs in administration, content creation, and production. 

The study predicted that AI could replace approximately 12% of the skills of a public relations practitioner, with a predicted increase to 38% by 2023. However, the study emphasised that certain human qualities like empathy, trust, humour, and relationship building cannot be automated. 

5)  Spreading misinformation

AI can be manipulated to generate and spread false information at an unprecedented scale. Deepfakes, for example, use AI techniques to create realistic but fabricated audio or video content.

This raises concerns about the potential for misinformation campaigns and the erosion of trust in media and public discourse. There is also a matter of hallucinations – answers that sound plausible but are incorrect or nonsensical.

Despite looking convincing, the answers generated by ChatGPT were found to have a high rate of inaccuracy, which can lead to potential harm.

  comes to ChatGPT and other similar language models. Utilising Black Box machine learning (ML) techniques for decision-making without explainability can lead to legal, ethical, and operational problems.

Black Box models lack transparency and cannot be assessed or audited before deployment, making it impossible to guarantee their behaviour. Moreover, when a Black Box model makes an incorrect decision, it becomes exceedingly challenging to analyse the reasons behind the mistake or identify necessary corrections for the model.

This lack of transparency and interpretability hampers accountability and can have far-reaching consequences.

6)  Legal regulation

The rapid advancement of AI has outpaced the development of comprehensive legal frameworks. Consequently, legal and ethical concerns surrounding AI are still being addressed. Companies that use AI need to keep ahead of policy development and secure their workflow in case of regulations.

Best Practices for Harnessing AI in PR and Communication:

Identify Key Objectives: Clearly define your PR goals and identify areas where AI can enhance efficiency, effectiveness, and measurement.

Select the Right Tools: Research and invest in AI-powered platforms and tools that align with your specific needs, ensuring compatibility with your existing systems.

Data Management: Develop a robust data management strategy to ensure data quality, privacy, and compliance with relevant regulations. Data provenance and consent should be respected when collecting data for training AI models.

Cross-functional Collaboration: Foster collaboration between PR, marketing, and data science teams to leverage AI effectively and achieve unified goals. Various fields of specialists should be involved in decision-making.

Continuous Learning: Stay updated with advancements in AI technology and industry best practices to adapt and optimise your strategies continually.


Artificial Intelligence presents tremendous opportunities for PR and Communications teams, enabling them to streamline processes, enhance decision-making, and achieve greater effectiveness.

By leveraging AI’s capabilities in data analytics, audience targeting, media monitoring, and reporting, PR professionals can elevate their campaigns and establish themselves as experts in the field.

However, it is crucial to navigate the ethical considerations and risks associated with AI, prioritizing responsible use and ensuring transparency. By adopting best practices and staying informed, PR and Comms teams can embrace AI’s potential and drive their organisations to new heights of success.

Alicja BorsAlicja Bors

Alicja Bors

Product Lead at Ruepoint. I'm passionate about the intersection of technology, artificial intelligence, and media influence on human behavior. Leveraging cutting-edge AI solutions to create transformative products that shape the future of technology and media. Let's connect on LinkedIn!

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